How do you tell if you have a ducted or ductless range hood?

Vary Hood Venting Choices

The ducting could run horizontally or vertically relying in your sort of hood. Island hoods should vent via the ceiling, whereas wall hoods can vent via the wall or ceiling.

Putting in Vary Hood with Horizontal Duct

You will have two choices to vent your wall hood horizontally.

Putting in Vary Hood with Vertical Duct

It’s also possible to vent your wall hood via the ceiling, as within the diagram under.

Not like wall hoods, island hoods can solely vent via the ceiling.

You might be questioning: which venting choice is the perfect?

One of the best ducting choice in your vary hood will rely in your kitchen design. However there are a number of issues you are able to do to maximize the efficiency of your range hood duct.


Is it doable to alter a spread hood prime duct to a rear duct if its a prime duct solely?

When you’ve got an island vary hood, this isn’t doable. Island vary hoods can solely vent via the ceiling. However, some wall and under cabinet range hoods have rotatable blowers. This implies you can rotate the blower to vent horizontally or vertically relying in your kitchen setup.

In case your ductwork is already put in, it’s not beneficial to alter your vary hood from a prime duct to a rear duct. This may be an costly and time-consuming challenge that requires an expert contractor.

Beneath The Hood

Picture by Pete Bleyer

Ducted or not? Venting the polluted air out of your own home is all the time preferable to recirculating it. Recirculating followers use charcoal filters to wash the air and launch it again into the home when ducting to the surface is unattainable, as in lots of condo buildings. When it is the one choice, a recirculating hood is best than no air flow in any respect, however this sort ought to by no means be used with pro-style home equipment.

Take into consideration energy. The quantity of air the blower strikes, measured in cubic toes per minute (cfm), is without doubt one of the largest elements to contemplate when selecting a hood. The bigger and extra highly effective your burners are, the extra cfm you want. (See “Calculator” part under.)

Picture by Joe Schmelzer

Measure it proper. A hood must be a minimum of as huge as your cooking floor, however an additional 3 inches on either side can enhance effectivity. The depth ought to cowl the again burners and a minimum of half of the entrance burners, although full protection is greatest. The peak at which the hood hangs above your cooktop will even have an effect on how properly it really works.

A wall- or island-mount must be about 30 inches above the cooktop, whereas undercabinet-mounts, sometimes much less highly effective and with smaller ducts, ought to sit 24 inches above the vary. If you wish to place the hood increased than beneficial, you may want a wider unit—extending 3 inches past each side of the vary—and extra cfm to compensate. (See “Calculator” part proper under.)

Take into account the noise. To keep away from a loud fan, test the sones (1 sone equals about 40 decibels). A fan set on low sometimes is available in below 1 sone, however excessive speeds can bounce to 10 or extra. For a quieter unit, search for one which’s 6 or fewer sones at 600 cfm.

Why would I ever wish to set up an unvented vary hood?

Typically, putting in a vented vary hood isn’t doable due to the format of the kitchen, particularly if it’s in a rental or condo. When a vented hood is mounted below the cupboard or on a wall, the duct has to run via or behind the cupboards to an outer wall. For a ceiling-mounted or island vary hood, the duct should run above the ceiling.

When you don’t have already got the duct in your kitchen, it may be costly (or typically unattainable) to put in one. Additionally, the placement of the duct dictates the place your vary will likely be positioned within the room—a duct run that’s too lengthy or twisty is much less efficient. (You will have so as to add a booster fan in these circumstances.)

A ductless vary hood may be mounted anyplace, which saves cash. It’s additionally extra sensible in case you’re renting. And it makes use of much less vitality, because the fan doesn’t have to blow as arduous.

 Above: A wall-mounted range hood in Kitchen of th
Above: A wall-mounted vary hood in Kitchen of the Week: A Greek Architect’s Ode to Minimalism.

Vent Hood Vitals: Vital Inquiries to Ask

How a lot does it value?

Costs fluctuate, relying on measurement, performance, and magnificence. A fundamental 30-inch hood may be had for below $100, whereas a customized copper 60-inch ceiling-mount chimney-style one can go for greater than $20,000. Most mid-priced, high-style hoods may be discovered for round $1,000.

DIY or rent a professional?

Swapping in the same unit is a straightforward job that requires fundamental electrical work to attach the wiring. To put in a brand new vent, you may want to chop holes within the partitions, ceiling, or roof and run ductwork. This might be a challenge for an skilled DIYer or would possibly greatest be left to a contractor.

The place to purchase?

You’ll be able to order a wide range of hoods on-line or discover them at equipment retailers, showrooms, restaurant suppliers, and residential facilities.

What about upkeep?

Consultants suggest cleansing the filters after each 30 hours of use—sometimes each month or two—to maintain a hood operating easily.

Easy methods to Select the Greatest Hood For Your Kitchen

To decide on which of those two kinds of hoods is true in your kitchen, you actually need to look at your work area, your cooking type, and your private preferences. You may need to mull over a number of necessary questions relating to your kitchen state of affairs earlier than you choose the precise vary hood.

Tricks to Shopping for the Greatest Vary Hood

Are you versatile about the place your vary hood can go?

If there are ducts in your kitchen, you then could possibly select between ducted or ductless vary hoods. When you do not need ducts in your kitchen, you might be restricted to going ductless or paying to have ducts put in in your house. Keep in mind, a ductless vary hood will typically be extra versatile. The place you intend on placing your range or cooktop will possible decide what sort of vary hood you possibly can have.

How necessary is the air high quality and humidity in your kitchen?

With this query, there must be a transparent reply. If having a moist kitchen with recirculating air is out of the query, you then could be higher off going with a ducted hood. In case you are wonderful with recirculating air and a bit extra noise, then you can be wonderful with a ductless hood.

Some individuals are wonderful with recirculating air whereas others could also be uncomfortable with it. The reply to this query ought to offer you a transparent indication as as to if a ducted or ductless hood is greatest in your residence.

What’s your price range like?

The vary and vary hood are going to value cash, however you additionally want to contemplate the value of set up. If it’s essential to set up all model new ductwork simply to accommodate your duct vary hood, it may probably be fairly expensive. When you plan on transferring your vary hood, it would additionally value cash to patch up any holes that the previous one left behind. In case you are changing an previous vary and hood, it could typically be simpler to simply get the identical sort of vary hood as you had earlier than. It will prevent some huge cash and stress. Then again, if you’re changing your previous hood since you need a completely different sort, simply be sure that to price range for the price of set up.

Recirculating Vary Hoods

Most of the properties that I examine have recirculating vary hoods, particularly condos and older properties.

These hoods do not need a vent, and a metallic mesh filter traps grease whereas the air is recirculated again into the room. Ventless vary hoods even have a further layer of filtration which is a carbon layer that captures smoke and odors.

Learn Additionally: How To Paint An Old Range Hood?

Options of Ducted vs. Ductless Vary Hoods

Sure options of ducted and ductless vary hoods could affect your resolution on which one to purchase as properly.


Irrespective of which vary hood you go together with, you could guarantee it’s the proper measurement in your range. If not, then it received’t have the ability to correctly do its job and also you’re simply losing your cash. A variety hood that’s too small received’t have the ability to pull all of the smoke and humidity out of your kitchen. Go together with one thing too giant, and it could not match the vary correctly – plus, it’ll simply look foolish.


One thing many of us fear about with their vary hoods is noise. Ductless vary hoods are noisier than ducted vary hoods as a result of they use extra energy. Ducted vary hoods have quieter followers, which don’t have to wash the air the best way the followers in a ductless vary hood do and use much less energy.

Air flow

Ducted and ductless vary hoods additionally fluctuate of their ventilation capabilities. Ducted vary hoods hold your kitchen cooler and dryer than ductless vary hoods can. It is because the ducted vary hood simply pulls every thing out of the kitchen , whereas a ductless vary hood recirculates the already sizzling air. The air isn’t cooled, simply cleaner.

What if I’ve no different alternative however an unvented vary hood?

To make certain, an unvented hood is best than no kitchen air flow system in any respect. And relying on the sort and quantity of cooking you do, it’d suit your wants simply wonderful. When you don’t cook dinner that a lot, air flow shouldn’t be an enormous situation. When you solely cook dinner vegetarian meals and by no means deep-fry, you received’t have plenty of grease and smelly odors to deal with. And in case you like to wash, as some individuals apparently do, you received’t thoughts commonly swabbing down uncovered surfaces to keep away from that greasy buildup in your cupboards.

Extra ins and outs of vary air flow methods:

Lastly, get extra concepts on find out how to consider and select a brand new kitchen hood or vent in our Remodeling 101 Guide: Kitchen Hoods & Vents.